c is the district headquarters of Nalanda district, Bihar, India. In 10th century it was acted as capital of Pala dynasty. During the Mughal Period it was the seat of Muslim Governors. It is located on the banks of River Panchanan. Main source of income to this people resides at this place is agriculture. Plenty of Muslim tombs can be seen here. Along with Muslim tombs, several mosques and Gupta Pillar dates back to 5th century can be seen here.
What to see at Bihar Sharif:
Odantapuri: Other names of this place are Uddandapura and Odantapura. During 7th century it was founded by Gopala who was the emperor Pala Dynasty. It is a celebrated region of Buddhist learning and acts as a revelation to the Tibetan Buddhists. By taking this as an example another monastery was constructed in 749 AD and it was named as Sam Ye.
Tomb of Malik Ibrahim Vaya: This monument is situated on Bari Pahari. Wreckage of Jail of Jarasandha surrounds this site.
Makhdum Shah Sharif –ud-din Mosque: It is another major attraction of this place. This mosque was constructed in 1569. To celebrate his death anniversary, local Mohammedans visits to this tomb of the saint.
Saint Mallik Ibrahim Bayu: It is located at the top of Pir Pahari. Bricks were used in the construction of this place. It was surrounded by several other tombs. Tomb bears an inscription about the death of the saint.
What to see around Bihar Sharif:
Jarasandha Ka Akhara: It is located 23kms away from Bihar Sharif which is situated in Rajgir. This is famous as Ranbhumi which means battlefield. This place is named after Jarasandha, Maghdan Emperor. It is believed that in the ancient day’s battle between Jarasandha and Bhima held here. Jarasandha killed by Bhima at this place.
Ruins of Nalanda University: It is located 14kms away from Bihar Sharif. These ruins are located in the Nalanda town. It is the oldest Buddhist University.
Nalanda Archaeological Museum: Four main galleries are included in this museum. Main hall consists of Nagaraj Sculptures, Parshvanath sculpture, Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara, Bhumisparsh postures etc…This was established in 1971. It is located 14kms away from Bihar Sharif.
Vishwa Shanti Stupa: This is located on the top of Ratnagiri hill. With the help of ropeway visitors has to reach this place. As a symbol of world peace this was built by Japanese. There are 4 statues of Lord Buddha on each corner. It is located 29kms away from Bihar Sharif.
Ajatshatru Fort: This was built by Ajatshatru king of Magadha in 6th century. At the top of the fort 6.5sq.m stupa stands. It is located 26kms away from Bihar Sharif.
Jivaka’s Mango Garden: Jivaka used to be royal Physician of Magadha rulers namely Ajatshatru and Bimbisara. It is located 24kms away from Bihar Sharif.
Pippala Caves: These are situated on the top of the hill, Vaibhava Hill. It is a house for the monks. It is believed that Lord Buddha has done meditation in these caves. These are natural caves. It is located 26kms away from Bihar Sharif.
Getting to Bihar Sharif: Bihar Sharif is well connected with road and railways. From Rourkela, Varanasi, Chennai, Patna, Kolkata etc buses come to this place. From Lucknow, Jamshedpur, Ranchi, Bokaro, Delhi, Allahabad etc trains come to this place. Nearest airport is located at Patna.
Getting around Bihar Sharif: Buses and Taxis are available to visit the surrounding places of Bihar Sharif.
Best time to visit Bihar Sharif: Best time to visit this place is between May to October.
Where to stay in Bihar Sharif: Only budget and midrange hotels are available to stay at this place. Best hotels at this place are Amrapali hotel, New Gulmarg Hotel, Ajanta Hotel.
Where to eat in Bihar Sharif: Plenty of restaurants are available here to eat at this place. Tandoor, Chinese, Continental and Indian Cuisines are available here.