Jallianwala Bagh is a public garden in Amritsar, Punjab, India. It is one of the most monstrous massacres in human history. During the period of Independence struggle sad incident happened in this place. This is also known as Amritsar Massacre. On 13th April 1919, British troops fired on peaceful protestors. In this incident nearly 1100 people were killed. This incident is an example for the cruelty of Britishers and their intension not to leave India.
Today this place converted into memorial who sacrificed their lives in this place. On 13th April 1919, Mahatma Gandhi conducted a meeting against Rowlett Act. Nearly 20,000 people attended for this meeting including Sikhs, Muslims and Hindus. Britishers fired on the protestors without giving any notice to them. To escape the bullets several people jumped into the well in this park.
What to see in Jallianwala Bagh:
The Wall: Visitors of this place can see bullet marks on the walls of the park.
Jallianwala Bagh Memorial: To pay homage to the martyr’s, a trust was formed and a memorial stands inside the park. This was inaugurated on 13th April 1961 by Dr.Rajendra Prasad. It was designed by American architect Benjamin Polk.
Martyr’s Well: This well is located in the park. Several people jumped into the well to save their lives. This well stands as a reminder of the horrific event that occurred in 1919.
What to see around Jallianwala Bagh:
Golden Temple: This is most important place for Sikhs. Architecture of this temple is so attractive. Architecture of this temple represents unique harmony between Hindus and Muslim styles of architecture. It is located 3kms away from the park.
Central Sikhs Museum: It is located inside the Golden Temple which is located 3kms away from the park. It was established in 1958. Paintings of Sikh warriors, Sikh gurus and other Sikh leaders who contributed their service to enhance the religion can be seen here.
Akal Takht: It is located in Harmandir Sahib Complex which is situated just 1km from the park. This was built by Guru Hargobind Ji, 6th Sikh Guru It is the symbol for political sovereignty of Sikhs.
Getting to Jallianwala Bagh: As Jallianwala Bagh is located in Amritsar, visitors who want to see this park has to visit Amritsar first. Amritsar is well connected with road, railways and airways. From Katra, Dharmasala, Jammu, Delhi, etc buses come to Amritsar. From Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, etc trains come to this place. Trains come to place is always so rush, so it is advisable to book the trains in advance. Sri Guru Ram Das Jee international airport is located in Amritsar which is 11kms away from the city centre. This airport is well connected with all the major cities. Flights to Doha, Barcelona, Toronto, and London are also available from this place.
Getting around Jallianwala Bagh: Free bus service are available to reach the park and to Golden temple from railway station. Vehicles are not allowed inside the park. Buses and taxis are available to visit the places of Amrisar.
Best time to visit Jallianwala Bagh: Jallianwala Bagh welcomes the visitors throughout the year. This opens on all days but timing is different. During the summer season, this memorial opens between 6.00 AM to 9.00 PM and during the winter season it opens between 7.00AM to 8.00 PM.
Where to stay in Jallianwala Bagh: No accommodations are not available inside the memorial. In Amritsar, plenty of hotels are available to stay including all range of hotels.
Where to eat in Jallianwala Bagh: Eaters are not available in Jallianwala Bagh. Visitors can have free meals at Golden temple. Plenty of restaurants available at Amritsar. All the restaurants provide Continental, Chinese and Italian cuisines.