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Tughlaqabad Fort

Tughlaqabad Fort

in Architecture, Delhi, Fort, History, North India, Tomb | 0 comments

Tughlaqabad Fort is situated in Delhi, India. It was built between 1321 to 1325. Ghias-ud-din Tughlaq (Ghazi Malik) had constructed this fort. He was the slave who served Sultan Mubarak Khilji. He drove away Sultan Mubarak and built his own city and fort. This city was named as Tughlaqabad.   What to see in Tughlaqabad Fort : Mausoleum of Ghiyas Ud-Din Tughlug: This mausoleum is supported by 27 arches. It has artificial lake. This was made up of single domed square tomb. Walls of fortification made up of granite. Arch borders made up of marble can be seen here. Inside the mausoleum visitors can see three graves. Graves belongs to Ghiyath al-Din Tughlug and his wife and son.  After passing an old Pipal tree, Ghiyath al-Din Tughlug’s tomb was made up of sand stone. Architecture: Architecture of the city is unique. Earlier, City consists of 52 gates but now visitors can see 13 only. City consists of 7 rainwater tanks. City is divided into 3 parts namely Palace area consists of Royal Residences; Bijai Mandal consists of several halls, wider city area with houses which was built between the gates.   What to see around Tughlaqabad Fort: Humayun Tomb:  After the death of Humanyun his wife Hamida Begum commissioned the construction of his tomb. It was constructed between 1562 to 1572. It is located 10kms away from this fort. Qutub Minar: It is the tallest minar in India. Brahmi inscriptions can be seen on the iron pillars. Marble and red sand stone was used in the construction of this minar. It is the Qutub complex. It is located 10kms away from this fort. Jantar Mantar: This was constructed by Sawai Jai Singh II between 1699 to 1743. This look like gallery of modern art on the first seeing but it is just an observatory. It is located 16kms away from this fort. Rashtrapati Bhawan:  Earlier this was used as Viceregal Lodge. In this palace there are 340 rooms. Expenditure for the construction of this palace is 12, 53,000 pound sterling’s. It is located 17kms away from this fort. Lodi Gardens: This is the best place for natural lovers. Lodi Gardens Attractions are  Sheesh Gumbad, Bara Gumbad and Masjid, Sikandar...

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Humayun’s Tomb

Humayun’s Tomb

in Architecture, Delhi, History, Mughal, North India, Tomb | 0 comments

Humayun’s Tomb is the Tomb of Humayun, Mughal Emperor. This was designed by a Persian architect, Mirak Mirza Ghiyas. It was commissioned by Bega Begum,     Humayun’s first wife.  It is located in Delhi, India. Red sandstone used in the construction of this structure. This was the first structure to build with Red Sandstone and white marble. In the Indian subcontinent this was the first garden tomb. This tomb is known for its architectural style. Cost of this construction is Rs.15 lakhs in those days.   What to see in Humayun’s Tomb: Char Bagh Garden: It is based on the Islamic concept of Paradise. Garden is divided into four squares. It is having two water channels. Garden has covered 30 acres. Tomb of Isa Khan: Isa Khan is Afghan noble in Sher Shah Suri’s court. This was constructed in 1547 CE. Chillah Nizamuddian Aulia: It is believed to the residence of Saint Nizamuddian. Nila Gumbad: This was built for the servant of Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana who was the courtier in Akbar’s Court. It is having blue gazed tiles. Unique architecture attracts most. Arab Sarai: Around 1560- 61 CE this was built by Hamida Banu Begum. It is adjacent to the Afsarwala Mosque. This was built for the craftsmen who came for the construction work. This is also known as rest house for the Arabs. Afsarwala Tomb: This tomb is dates back to 1566 – 67 CE. It belongs to nobleman in Akbar’s court. Barber’s Tomb: This belongs to Royal Barber which was days back to 1590-91 CE.   What to see around Humayun’s tomb: Qutub Minar: It is the tallest minar in India. Brahmi inscriptions can be seen on the iron pillars. Marble and red sand stone was used in the construction of this minar. Several ancient structures can be seen around the minar. It is the Qutub complex. It is located 12kms away from the tomb. India Gate: It was constructed by Edwin Lutyens in the memory of the soldiers who lost their lives in First World War. It is located 4kms away from this tomb. Jantar Mantar: This was constructed by Sawai Jai Singh II between 1699 to 1743. This look like gallery of modern art on the...

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Khusro Bagh

Khusro Bagh

in Allahabad, History, Jahangir, Mughal, Tomb | 0 comments

Khusro Bagh is large walled garden in Allahabad, India. This is surrounded by the tombs Khusrau Mirza – eldest son of emperor Jahangir, Khurau’s sister and Shah Begum- Khurau’s mother.   What to see in Khusro Bagh: In the Khusro Bagh 3 sandstone mausoleums are located. These are best examples for Mughal architecture. Sultan Begum Tomb: Aqa Reza designed three tier tomb of Sultan Begum, surrounding garden and main entrance of Khusro Bagh. Sultan Begum is the first wife of Jahangir. She committed suicide due to distress by the discord between Jahangir and her son Khusrau. Her tomb was designed in 1606. Nithar Tomb: After the Sultan Begum’s tomb, Khusrau’s sister Nithar tomb is situated. This tomb is most elaborated tomb. It lies on the elevated platform and is adorned with Panels depicting the scalloped arch motif. Rooms are painted with stars in concentric circles. Floral decorations depicting Persian Cypresses, plants and flowers can be seen on the walls of the central room. Khusrau Tomb: Tomb of Khusrau can be seen here. In 1606, he was kept in Jail by his father Jahangir after he rebelled against Jahangir. Jahangir made him blind and later in 1922 he was killed.   What to see around Khusro Bagh: Allahabad Fort: Major attractions of this fort are Ashoka Pillar, Mariam –UZ- Zamani Palace, Zenana, Patalpuri Temple, Immortal Banyan tree, Railway Track.    It is located 7kms away from Khusro Bagh. Anand Bhavan: It is situated 5kms away from the Khusro Bagh. In this mansion, Jawarharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi were born. In the 19th century this was built by Motilal Nehru. Allahabad Museum: It is located 3kms away from Khusro Bagh. Major attractions of this museum are terracotta artefacts, natural history exhibits and archaeological findings. It also consists of belongings of Jawaharlal Nehru. Triveni Sangum: It is located 12kms away from Khusro Bagh. Once in every 6 years Ardh Kumbh held at this place. Once in 12 years Kumbh Mela held here. Most memorable thing is sun rise and sunset of this place. This is the place where confluence of Saraswati, Yamuna and Ganga takes place. Bharadwaj Ashram: It is located 4kms away from Khusro Bagh. This is dedicated to Sage Bharadwaj....

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Hazrat Nizamuddian Dargah

Hazrat Nizamuddian Dargah

in Chishti, Delhi, Hazrat Nizamuddian, History, Masjid, Tomb | 0 comments

Hazrat Nizamuddian Dargah is located in Nizamuddin area of Delhi. Hazrat Nizamuddian was a famous saint of the Sufi Chishti Order. In the Indian subcontinent he is having large following. Other honoured titles of him are Mehboob-e-IIahi, Sultan-ul-Mashaikh. Among the big five of the Chisti Order he is considered as fifth Chisti order in India. He was born in 1238 and died on 1325.   What to see in Hazrat Nizamuddian Dargah:  Jama’at –Khana Masjid: In the complex it is the oldest structure. It consists of 3 bays and low domes. This Masjid is located to the west side of Hazrat Nizamuddian’s tomb. This was built by Khizr Khan who was the son of Ala-ud-Din Khalji. Construction of this masjid made in 1325. Kali / Kalan Masjid: Rubble stones are used to build this masjid. Courtyard of this majid is partly covered and partly uncovered. As per the inscriptions on the eastern doorway it was known that this was built in 772AH by Kimam Shah Maqbul. Amir Khusro’s Tomb: He was one of the Chief disciples of Hazrat Nizamuddian. It is located just adjacent to the tomb of Hazrat Nizamuddian. Tomb of Jahan Ara: It is a simple structure covered by earth without any roof as per the wish of Princess Wish. It is situated on the south side of Hazrat Nizamuddian tomb. Chini Ka Burj: Chine Ka Burj Means tower of tiles. During the era of the Lodis this was built.   What to see around Hazrat Nizamuddian Dargah: India Gate: It was constructed by Edwin Lutyens in the memory of the soldiers who lost their lives in First World War. It is located 3Kms away from Dargah. Jantar Mantar: This was constructed by Sawai Jai Singh II between 1699 to 1743. This look like gallery of modern art on the first seeing but it is just an observatory. This place is 6kms away from Dargah. Rashtrapati Bhawan:  Earlier this was used as Viceregal Lodge. In this palace there are 340 rooms. Expenditure for the construction of this palace is 12, 53,000 pound sterling’s. It is located 7Kms away from Dargah. Red Fort: On the Independence Day Prime Minister of India addresses the nation from this fort. In...

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Safdarjug’s Tomb

Safdarjug’s Tomb

in Architecture, Delhi, History, Mughal, Tomb | 0 comments

Safdarjug’s Tomb is the 2nd garden Tomb in New Delhi, India. This is one of the best examples for Mughal architectural style. This is the tomb of Prime Minister of Mughal Empire when Mohammed Shah Ahmed Shah ascended the throne of the Mughal Empire in Delhi in 1748. At the time of this construction this was named as Wazir-ul—Mamalk-i-Hindustan.   What to see at Safdarjug’s Tomb: It is one of the most historical memorials in Delhi. This was built by Nawab Shuja-ud-Daulah. Safdarjug’s Tomb has an ambiance of spaciousness and an imposing presence with its domed and arched red brown and whit colored structures. Style of this tomb resembles like Humayun’s tomb but is costs less than the Humayun’s tomb.  This tomb is surrounded by a beautiful garden. Area covered by this garden is 300sq.meters. Charbagh is the garden in front of the tomb.   At the entrance of main mausoleum, visitors can see beautiful and most memorable carvings and designs. Main entrance of tomb welcomes the visitors with fine ornamental Paintings. On the east side of this tomb has a gate and Pavilions can be seen on the other sides.  This place consists of two graves. One grave belongs to Safdarjug and other belongs to his wife. Inside the Mausoleum, visitors can find a courtyard and Mosque. 8 rooms surrounds the Central chamber of the tomb. All the room are in rectangle shape. Only corner room is in octagonal shape.   Four main features of the tomb are large podium with hidden stairways, five part facade, a nine fold floor plan and Mausoleum with a garden. Garden is in Mughal Charbagh style. Tomb was constructed in Mughal Empire style.   What to see around Safdarjug’s Tomb: Qutub Minar: It is the tallest minar in India. Brahmi inscriptions can be seen on the iron pillars. Marble and red sand stone was used in the construction of this minar. Several ancient structures can be seen around the minar. It is the Qutub complex. It is located 7kms away from the fort. Humayun’s Tomb: This is the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun. It was commissioned by this Bega Begum, first wife of Humayun in 1569-70. In Indian subcontinent this is...

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Lodi Gardens

Lodi Gardens

in Delhi, Fort, Nature, North India, Tomb, Wildlife Sanctuary | 0 comments

Lodi Gardens is a park in Delhi. Area covered by this place is 90 acres. Now this is protected by ASI (Archaeological Survey of India). This was built during 15th century by Lodis and Sayyid dynasties. 15th and 16th century Lodis and Sayyid dynasty ruler’s tombs can be seen here. During the British rulers this was turned into lush Green Park. At that time they have name it as Lady Willington Park. Again after independence it was renamed as Lodi Gardens. In this park several birds like kingfishers, Kites, Parakeets, Babblers can be seen here.   This is the best place for natural lovers. Different varieties of plants and trees like Eucalyptus, Neem, Chinar, Deodar, and Chir can be seen here. Here in this place one can find Athpula Bridge which was dates back to 16th century. During the rule of Akbar Emperor, Nawab Bahadur was built this bridge. Another attraction of this place is National Bonsai Park.   What to see in Lodi Gardens: Sheesh Gumbad: Interior of the tomb consists of inscriptions from Holy Quaran, floral motifs, plasterwork. Other name of this structure is Glazed Dome. Mihrab is located on the western wall of the structure. Bara Gumbad and Masjid:  This was built during the regime of Sultan Sikandar Lodi in 1494. Paintings, stuccowork, turrents, facades are find the interior of the masjid. Sikandar Lodi’s Tomb:  In 1518 this tomb was built by Sikardar Lodi’s son Ibrahim Lodi. It has a Persian style dome on the tomb. In the garden it is located in the North West corner. On each side of the tomb 3 arched openings can be seen. Mohammad Shah’s Tomb: This was built by Ala ud din in 1444. It is the tomb of Mohammad shah who is the last ruler of Sayyid dynasty. Shape of the tomb is octagonal.   What to see around Lodi Gardens: Jantar Mantar: This was constructed by Sawai Jai Singh II between 1699 to 1743. This look like gallery of modern art on the first seeing but it is just an observatory. 5 kms away from Gardens. Red Fort: On the Independence Day Prime minister of India addresses the nation from this fort. In the history this place...

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