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Red Fort

Red Fort

in Delhi, Fort, History, Mughal, Musuem, North India, Shah Jahan | 0 comments

Red Fort is located in Delhi, India. Other name of this fort is Lal Qila. This was constructed by Shah Jahan, Mughal Emperor. Fort is known for Mughal Architecture. It is situated on the banks of river Yamuna. Construction started in 1638 but completed in 1648. Red Sandstones are used to construct this fort. The Joint court martial of officers of Subhash Chandra Bose’s Indian National Army – colonel Gurubaksh Singh Dhillon, Colonel Prem Sahgal and Major general Shah Nawaz Khan was held at this fort. In 2007, this was declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site.   What to see in Red Fort: Moti Masjid: It is located on the west side of the main fort. Other name is Pearl Mosque. In 1659, this was built by Aurangzeb. It has 3 marble domes. Though this is so small it must be visited by the visitors. Zenana: In the Palace there are many canopies. But Southern canopies are called Zenanas. These two Zenanas are Rang Mahal and Mumtaz Mahal. Rang Mahal is famous for pool built with marble, decorated ceilings. Mumtaz Mahal is now converted into Museum. Nahr-i-Behist: Behind the throne of Emperor, imperial apartments are located.  Row of balconies is located in the apartments. A water channel runs through the middle of the domed structure is known as Nahr-i-Behist. Diwan-i-Khaas: This is the Hall of Private Audience. It was reserved for the courtiers of the emperor and for meeting with guests of the state. Upper part was decorated with Paintings and lower part is decorated with flower patterned designs. Earlier Legendary Peacock throne was used to sit the emperor in this hall. Now this was taken by Nadir Shah in 1739 to Persia. Diwan-i-Aam:  This is the hall for public Audience. It was used to hear the problems of the citizens. It consists of large railings and gold columns to form a barrier between common folk and the emperor. Meena Bazaar: Other name of this Bazaar is Chhatta Chowk Bazaar. Chhatta means roof. It is located after entering from Lahori Gate. Hayat Bakhsh Bagh:  This is a large ceremonial garden. It lies between two water channels.   What to see around Red Fort: Jantar Mantar: This was constructed by...

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Delhi Jama Masjid

Delhi Jama Masjid

in Delhi, History, Masjid, Mughal, Shah Jahan | 0 comments

Jama Masjid of Delhi is the principle mosque of Old Delhi in India. Official name of this masjid is Masjid-i-Jahan-Numa. It is the largest mosque in India. This was commissioned by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. It has taken 6 years to complete this construction. Construction of this mosque started in 1650 ended in 1656. 6000 workers worked hard to construct this mosque. In those days construction cost of this masjid is 10 lakhs. Now it is equal to 1 million.   What to see in Jama Masjid:  This is the hard work result of thousands of workers. On both sides of this masjid visitors can see beautiful minarets. White marble and Red Sand stone are used in the construction of these minarets. Height of these minarets is 40meters. At one time nearly 25000 people can pray at this place.  Courtyard is accessible from the east central. Western chamber stands on 260 pillars. All these Pillars are carved with Jain and Hindu traditions.  Courtyard of this mosque is in rectangle shape. Floor plan of this masjid is looks like Fatehpur Sikri Jama Masjid. But Jama Masjid of Delhi is bigger than Jama Masjid of Fatehpur Sikri. White and black marbles are used for the flooring of this masjid.   Three projected galleries can be seen on the minarets of this mosque. Eastern side of the mosque is the rural entrance. Courtyard of the mosque can be reached from south, north and east by 3 flights of steps. Red Sandstone is used to build these steps. Masjid has 3 gateways, two minarets and 4 towers. Main entrance is towards east which faces to Red Fort. Under the dome of the mosque a hall is located. It has 7 arched entrances facing towards Mecca. Terrorism incidents also happen at this place in 2006.   What to see around Jama Masjid: Red Fort: On the Independence Day Prime Minister of India addresses the nation from this fort. In the history this place is having prominent place i.e.  At the end of first war of independence Bhadur Shah Zafar was arrested at this place.  This place is 2Kms away from Masjid. Jantar Mantar: This was constructed by Sawai Jai Singh II between 1699 to...

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