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Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal

in Architecture, History, Musuem, North India, Rajasthan | 0 comments

Hawa Mahal is a Palace in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. Hawa Mahal means Palace of Winds. Maharaja Sawai had built this Palace after it was designed by Lal Chand Ustad. It is so attractive in the form of Crown of Krishna.   What to see at Hawa Mahal: Lattice Work is the major attractions of this mahal. Main intension of this lattice work is to allow the royal ladies to see the day to day life of common persons.  It has unique 5 storey exterior. This has 953 small miniature windows and look like honey comb web with portholes. These are carved with domes, finials and sandstone grills.  All the windows were decorated with Lattice Work. Pink and Red Sandstone structure used to construct this Mahal.   It is pyramidal shape monument. Architecture of this monument is so beautiful. Unique facade of this monument comes with veritable mass of semi octagonal bays. At the centre of the courtyard visitors can see beautiful fountains. Inside rooms of the mahal looks so attractive with different colored marbles. This monument reflects Islamic Mughal architecture and Rajput architecture. Arches and inlay filigree are the best examples for Islamic style and floral patterns, Lotus, Fluted Pillars, and domed Canopies are the best examples for Rajput Style. Inside the courtyard, archaeological museum is situated. Breeze coming from the small holes gives the effect of cooling. Ramps have to be used to reach top two floors.   What to see around Hawa Mahal: Jantar Mantar:  This monument has been awarded as largest stone observatory in the world. Instruments are used to measure the time. It is located 1km away from the Mahal. Nahargarh: For the protection of Ajmer this was constructed. It is located on the Aravalli hills. It is located 3kms away from the Mahal. City Palace museum: Ancient manuscripts of Hindu Scriptures are the major attraction of this museum. It is located 1km away from the Mahal. Albert Hall Museum: Major attractions of this museum are crystal works, metal sculptures, ivory goods, pottery and natural stones, Chiselled brassware, exquisite Jewellery, rare paintings. It is located 2kms away from the Mahal. Amber Fort: In the medieval history this fort played a major role. True lifestyle of...

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City Palace Jaipur

City Palace Jaipur

in Architecture, History, Musuem, North India, Palace, Rajasthan, Temple | 0 comments

City Palace is located in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. This palace consists of Mubarak Mahal and Chandra Mahal. It was built by Sawai Jai Singh II between 1729 and 1732. European, Mughal, and Rajputs architecture can be seen here.   What to see at City Palace: Mubarak Mahal: European, Rajput and Islamic architecture can be seen here. It is a museum. Major attractions of this museum are Sanganeri block prints, royal formal costumes, embroidery shawls, Silk Sarees, Kashmiri pashminas. Clothes worn by Sawai Madhosingh I are also placed here. Pitam Niwas Chowk: It is inner courtyard. 4 seasonal gates can be seen here. Gates are North east Peacock Gate dedicated to Lord Vishnu, North West Green Gate dedicated to lord Ganesha, Southwest Lotus Gate dedicated to Lord Shiva parvati. Rose Gate dedicated to Goddess Devi. Chandra Mahal: In the city palace complex it is a commanding building. It is 7 storied building. Major attractions of this mahal are floral decorations, mirror work on walls, unique paintings. Visitors are allowed only into first floor which consists of museum. Manuscripts, carpets and other items of royal family can be seen here. Diwan-i-Aam: It is a public audience hall. Major attractions of this hall are miniature paintings, carpets, Kashmir Shawls, embroidered rugs, ancient texts. Manu scriptures of Bhagavad Gita can be seen here. Now it is acting as art gallery. Diwan-i-Khas: It is a private audience hall of Maharajas. World’s largest sterling silver vessels are located here. These were used to carry water of Ganges to drink at the time of trip to England by Maharaja Sawai Madho.  It is situated between art gallery and armoury. Bhaggi Khana: It is a museum consists of European cabs, palanquins and old carriages. This was used to carry a ratha and priests. Govind Dev Ji Temple: This temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna. It was built in garden environment during early 18th century. Every day aarthi conducts 7 times a day. Maharani Palace: It was the residence of royal queens. Now it is converted into museum. Belongings of 15th century can be seen here. Small canon, walking sticks also located here.   What to see around City Palace: Jal Mahal: It is located in the middle...

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Salimgarh Fort

Salimgarh Fort

in Delhi, Fort, History, Musuem, North India | 0 comments

Salimgarh Fort is located in Delhi, India. Salim Shah Suri constructed this fort in 1546 AD. He constructed Sur Dynasty in Delhi. In later years this dynasty was captured by Aurangzeb and took control on the fort in 1857. He converted this fort into a prison. After that it became the part of Red Fort.   What to see at Salimgarh Fort: Structure: Fort is in triangle shape. Walls are so thick and were built in rubble masonry. Gate is another attraction of this fort. Name of this gate is Bahadur Shah Gate. Red Sandstone was used to construct this gate. Museum: It was the prison between 1945 to 1947 by the Britishers. Many prisoners died within the jail premises. On the basis of initial identification provided by Colonel Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon, this place was converted into museum. Other attractions of Salimgarh Fort: Other attractions of Salimgarh Fort are Bahadur shah Gate, brick masonry, and solid rubble masonry walls.   What to see around Salimgarh Fort: Lothian Cemetery: It is located on Lothian Road. This is the first British cemetery in Delhi. It is located 5kms away from this fort. Chandni Chowk:  It is the oldest market in Delhi. This place is not only famous for marketing but also several historical records can be seen here. Chandni Chowk Attractions are Dariba Kalan, Bhagirath Palace, Katra Neel Cloth Bazaar, Kinari Bazaar, Khari Baoli, Digambar Jain Lal Mandir, Fatehpuri Masjid, Haksar Haveli , Chunnamal Haveli. It is located 5kms away from this fort. Humayun Tomb:  After the death of Humanyun his wife Hamida Begum commissioned the construction of his tomb. It was constructed between 1562 to 1572. It is located 11kms away from this fort. Qutub Minar: It is the tallest minar in India. Brahmi inscriptions can be seen on the iron pillars. Marble and red sand stone was used in the construction of this minar. It is the Qutub complex. It is located 19kms away from this fort. Jantar Mantar: This was constructed by Sawai Jai Singh II between 1699 to 1743. This look like gallery of modern art on the first seeing but it is just an observatory. It is located 8kms away from this fort. Rashtrapati Bhawan:  Earlier...

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Umaid Bhawan Palace

Umaid Bhawan Palace

in Architecture, Musuem, North India, Palace, Rajasthan | 0 comments

Umaid Bhawan Palace is located in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. This was built by Maharaja Umaid Singh. It is one of the world’s largest private residences. This palace serves as principle residence to Jodhpur Royal Residence.  This palace was built with the intension to provide employment opportunity to the people at the time of famine. Other name of this palace is Chittar Palace.   What to see in Umaid Bhawan Palace: This palace is well known for its architecture. Architecture of this palace is Henry Lanchester. Both eastern and western architecture can be seen in the architecture of this palace. Palace has lavish interior with gilt Furniture. In 1977, part of this palace was converted into hotel. Remaining part was converted into museum. Taj Hotels are maintaining part of this Palace. This monument is having 347 rooms.   Palace is divided into 3 parts namely Luxury hotel, gallery and a museum. This Luxury hotel is maintaining by Taj Hotels. This is the residence of the royal families. Museum of this palace remains open between 9 AM to 5 PM. This museum focuses on 20th century history of Jodhpur Royal Family.  Other division of this palace is Gallery. This gallery is place where most exotic automobiles owned by the royals can be seen here.   What to see around Umaid Bhawan Palace: Mehrangarh Fort: In India, this is one of the largest forts. Within the fort there are several palaces. Most famous palaces of the fort were Sheesh Mahal, Phool Mahal, Moti Mahal, Daulat Khana, Sileh Khana. Major attractions of this fort are impressive armoury, furniture, costumes, instruments, folk music, miniature paintings, royal cradles, howdas, and collection of palanquins.  It is located 6kms away from the Palace. Girdikot & Sardarkot Market: This market is famous for fine Rajasthani Jewellery, marble knick knacks with decorative works, clay elephants, clay camels, handicrafts, Rajasthani Textiles. It is located 2kms away from the Palace. Government Museum: It is located in the middle of Umaid Public Garden. This museum is famous for miniature paintings, local arts & crafts, textiles and ornaments. Other attractions of this museum are images of Jain Tirthankars, manuscripts, portraits of rulers. It is located 4kms away from the Palace. Umaid Garden: Major...

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Golden Temple

Golden Temple

in Chandigarh, Guradwara, History, Miniature Paintings, Musuem, Nature, North India, Punjab, Ramayana, Temple | 0 comments

Golden Temple is the most sacred place to the Sikhs. Other name of this temple is   Harmandir Sahib. It is located in Amritsar, Punjab, India. In 16th century original temple was built by Guru Arjun, 5th Sikh Guru. But present temple built in 1764 by Jassa Singh Ahluwalia with the support of Sikh Misls. Every day nearly 1lakh people come to this place to worship Lord.   What to see in Golden temple: Architecture of this temple is so beautiful. This temple is having 4 entrances. This resembles that this is open to all the religions and people. Upper floors of the Gurdwara covered with gold by Maharaja Ranjit Singh. When it was built this was surrounded by small lake in a thin forest.   Lake surrounded to this Gurdwara is holy. Water in this lake is considered as holy water. Inside the temple complex 3 holy trees and several shrines to past Sikh Gurus, martyrs and Saints can be seen. Each tree signifies a historical event. Other attractions of this Gurdwara are memorial plaques. These plaques say the past Sikh historical events, martyrs and saints including inscriptions of all the Sikh soldiers who died in 1st and 2nd world wars. If visitor visits this place for the first time it is advisable to have the information from the office regarding the rules and regulations of the Gurdwara and then enter into central Sikh Museum near main entrance and clock tower.   Present marble work and decorative gilding on the Gurdwara dates back to 19th century. Vaisakhi celebrates so grandly at this place in the second week of April.   What to see around Golden temple: Jallianwala Bagh: Jallianwala Bagh is a public garden in Amritsar. It is one of the most monstrous massacres in human history. During the period of Independence struggle sad incident happened in this place. This is also known as Amritsar Massacre. On 13th April 1919, British troops fired on peaceful protestors. In this incident nearly 1100 people were killed. Today this place converted into memorial who sacrificed their lives in this place. Jallianwala Bagh Attractions are Jallianwala Bagh Memorial, Martyr’s Well, The Wall. It is located just 1km away from Gurdwara. Mata Temple:...

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Red Fort

Red Fort

in Delhi, Fort, History, Mughal, Musuem, North India, Shah Jahan | 0 comments

Red Fort is located in Delhi, India. Other name of this fort is Lal Qila. This was constructed by Shah Jahan, Mughal Emperor. Fort is known for Mughal Architecture. It is situated on the banks of river Yamuna. Construction started in 1638 but completed in 1648. Red Sandstones are used to construct this fort. The Joint court martial of officers of Subhash Chandra Bose’s Indian National Army – colonel Gurubaksh Singh Dhillon, Colonel Prem Sahgal and Major general Shah Nawaz Khan was held at this fort. In 2007, this was declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site.   What to see in Red Fort: Moti Masjid: It is located on the west side of the main fort. Other name is Pearl Mosque. In 1659, this was built by Aurangzeb. It has 3 marble domes. Though this is so small it must be visited by the visitors. Zenana: In the Palace there are many canopies. But Southern canopies are called Zenanas. These two Zenanas are Rang Mahal and Mumtaz Mahal. Rang Mahal is famous for pool built with marble, decorated ceilings. Mumtaz Mahal is now converted into Museum. Nahr-i-Behist: Behind the throne of Emperor, imperial apartments are located.  Row of balconies is located in the apartments. A water channel runs through the middle of the domed structure is known as Nahr-i-Behist. Diwan-i-Khaas: This is the Hall of Private Audience. It was reserved for the courtiers of the emperor and for meeting with guests of the state. Upper part was decorated with Paintings and lower part is decorated with flower patterned designs. Earlier Legendary Peacock throne was used to sit the emperor in this hall. Now this was taken by Nadir Shah in 1739 to Persia. Diwan-i-Aam:  This is the hall for public Audience. It was used to hear the problems of the citizens. It consists of large railings and gold columns to form a barrier between common folk and the emperor. Meena Bazaar: Other name of this Bazaar is Chhatta Chowk Bazaar. Chhatta means roof. It is located after entering from Lahori Gate. Hayat Bakhsh Bagh:  This is a large ceremonial garden. It lies between two water channels.   What to see around Red Fort: Jantar Mantar: This was constructed by...

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