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Golkonda Fort

Golkonda Fort

in Andhra Pradesh, Architecture, Fort, History, Hyderabad, Mughal, Palace | 0 comments

Golkonda is the ruined city located in Hyderabad, India. This place was famous for mines. World’s most famous diamonds such as Dary-i-Noor, Koh-i-Noor, Idol’s Eye, Hope diamond produced here. This place is also famous for Golkonda Fort. Golconda is derived from the word Golla konda which means Shepherd’s hill in Telugu.   What to see at Golkonda Fort:  Major attraction of this place is 800 years old tree. Height of this tree is 80 feet. Important exhibit of the fort is Fateh Rahben Gun. It is a Canon used by Aurangzeb to demolish the blockades of Golconda Fort. Fort has 8 gates. Entry point to the fort is Fateh Darwaza which is also known as Victory Gate. It is famous for acoustic effects. In those days it is effective security measure. If any person claps here that sound can here at Bala Hissar which is located 1km away in the fort.   Inside the Fort, visitors can see 4 small forts. Those forts consist of stables, mosques, armoury, temples etc. Height of the boundary wall is 120meters. Other attractions of the fort are Whispering Walls, efficient water supply system, Royal Palaces, Ambar Khana, Durbar Hall, Ramasasa’s Kotha, Nagina Bagh, Mortuary Bath, Private Chambers, Ramadas Bandikhana, Taramati Mosque, Ashlah Khana, Abyssian Arches etc. Fort also consists of tombs of Qutub Shahi Kings. Islamic architecture can be seen on these tombs.  This fort was ruled by several dynasties namely Mughal dynasty, Qutb Shahis, Bahmani Dynasty, Kakatiya Dynasty and Yadava Dynasty.   What to see around Golkonda Fort: Mecca Masjid: This is one of the oldest mosques in Hyderabad. This was built with the soil bought from Holy Mecca by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah. He is the fifth ruler of the Qutb shahi Dynasty. It is located 8kms away from the fort. Charminar: This was built in 1591 CE. Charminar is the global icon of Hyderabad. Charminar is built at the place where Qutb Shah made prayers for the end of the plague disease. Minaret Height is 48.7 meters. It is located 8kms away from the fort. AP State Archaeological Museum: This is best to see for the art lovers. Museum consists of art objectives and antiques. It is located 11kms away...

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Red Fort

Red Fort

in Delhi, Fort, History, Mughal, Musuem, North India, Shah Jahan | 0 comments

Red Fort is located in Delhi, India. Other name of this fort is Lal Qila. This was constructed by Shah Jahan, Mughal Emperor. Fort is known for Mughal Architecture. It is situated on the banks of river Yamuna. Construction started in 1638 but completed in 1648. Red Sandstones are used to construct this fort. The Joint court martial of officers of Subhash Chandra Bose’s Indian National Army – colonel Gurubaksh Singh Dhillon, Colonel Prem Sahgal and Major general Shah Nawaz Khan was held at this fort. In 2007, this was declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site.   What to see in Red Fort: Moti Masjid: It is located on the west side of the main fort. Other name is Pearl Mosque. In 1659, this was built by Aurangzeb. It has 3 marble domes. Though this is so small it must be visited by the visitors. Zenana: In the Palace there are many canopies. But Southern canopies are called Zenanas. These two Zenanas are Rang Mahal and Mumtaz Mahal. Rang Mahal is famous for pool built with marble, decorated ceilings. Mumtaz Mahal is now converted into Museum. Nahr-i-Behist: Behind the throne of Emperor, imperial apartments are located.  Row of balconies is located in the apartments. A water channel runs through the middle of the domed structure is known as Nahr-i-Behist. Diwan-i-Khaas: This is the Hall of Private Audience. It was reserved for the courtiers of the emperor and for meeting with guests of the state. Upper part was decorated with Paintings and lower part is decorated with flower patterned designs. Earlier Legendary Peacock throne was used to sit the emperor in this hall. Now this was taken by Nadir Shah in 1739 to Persia. Diwan-i-Aam:  This is the hall for public Audience. It was used to hear the problems of the citizens. It consists of large railings and gold columns to form a barrier between common folk and the emperor. Meena Bazaar: Other name of this Bazaar is Chhatta Chowk Bazaar. Chhatta means roof. It is located after entering from Lahori Gate. Hayat Bakhsh Bagh:  This is a large ceremonial garden. It lies between two water channels.   What to see around Red Fort: Jantar Mantar: This was constructed by...

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Sariska Tiger Reserve

Sariska Tiger Reserve

in Fort, History, Jeep Safari, Mahabharata, Mughal, North India, Pandavas, Rajasthan, Temple, Wildlife Sanctuary | 0 comments

Sariska Tiger Reserve is an Indian National Park. It is located in Alwar district of Rajasthan, India. In 1955, it was declared as Wildlife reserve and in 1978, this national park attained the status of Tiger Reserve. This is the part of Aravalli Ranges. Bengal Tigers is the major attraction of this reserve. In the world this is the first reserve where the relocation of tigers has been done successfully.   What to see in Sariska Tiger Reserve: Kankwadi Fort: It is one of the attractions of the tiger reserve. This fort belongs to 16th century. It was built by Jai Singh II. For the succession of the throne, Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb briefly imposed his brother Dara Shikoh in this fort. Pandupol: In the centre of the reserve, visitors can find Pandupol. This was the retreat to the Pandavas. It is located on the hill of the reserve. Hanuman Temple: This temple also can be seen at Pandupol. This temple is acting as a source of problem to wildlife, due to heavy traffic problem. Nilkanth Temples: These temples are other attractions of this reserve. These temples are built by Bargujars. These temples are built between 8th to 13th centuries. Tal Briksh: It is located to the north of the reserve. This place is famous for warm water springs. Wild Life:  Apart from Bengal Tigers, several other wild animals can also be seen here. These animals include Tiger, Jackal, Hyena, Cat, Wild Dog, and Leopard. Plenty of Rhesus Monkeys can be seen here. Other major species of this sanctuary are Langur,  Wild Boar, Chausingha, Nilgai, Chitel, Sambar. Along with animals several birds can also be seen here. Some major bird attractions of this place are Great Indian Horned Owl, Crested Serpent Eagle, Golden Beaked Wood Pecker, Tree Pie, Sand Grouse, Bush Quali, Grey partridge, Peafowl etc.   What to see around Sariska Tiger Reserve: Naldeshwar Shrine: Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. This temple belongs to 18th century. Dense greenery around the temple looks so beautiful. This temple is located in the highway between Sariska and Alwar which is 25kms away from the park. Bathrihari: It is located 11kms away from the park. This place is always busy with the...

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Humayun’s Tomb

Humayun’s Tomb

in Architecture, Delhi, History, Mughal, North India, Tomb | 0 comments

Humayun’s Tomb is the Tomb of Humayun, Mughal Emperor. This was designed by a Persian architect, Mirak Mirza Ghiyas. It was commissioned by Bega Begum,     Humayun’s first wife.  It is located in Delhi, India. Red sandstone used in the construction of this structure. This was the first structure to build with Red Sandstone and white marble. In the Indian subcontinent this was the first garden tomb. This tomb is known for its architectural style. Cost of this construction is Rs.15 lakhs in those days.   What to see in Humayun’s Tomb: Char Bagh Garden: It is based on the Islamic concept of Paradise. Garden is divided into four squares. It is having two water channels. Garden has covered 30 acres. Tomb of Isa Khan: Isa Khan is Afghan noble in Sher Shah Suri’s court. This was constructed in 1547 CE. Chillah Nizamuddian Aulia: It is believed to the residence of Saint Nizamuddian. Nila Gumbad: This was built for the servant of Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana who was the courtier in Akbar’s Court. It is having blue gazed tiles. Unique architecture attracts most. Arab Sarai: Around 1560- 61 CE this was built by Hamida Banu Begum. It is adjacent to the Afsarwala Mosque. This was built for the craftsmen who came for the construction work. This is also known as rest house for the Arabs. Afsarwala Tomb: This tomb is dates back to 1566 – 67 CE. It belongs to nobleman in Akbar’s court. Barber’s Tomb: This belongs to Royal Barber which was days back to 1590-91 CE.   What to see around Humayun’s tomb: Qutub Minar: It is the tallest minar in India. Brahmi inscriptions can be seen on the iron pillars. Marble and red sand stone was used in the construction of this minar. Several ancient structures can be seen around the minar. It is the Qutub complex. It is located 12kms away from the tomb. India Gate: It was constructed by Edwin Lutyens in the memory of the soldiers who lost their lives in First World War. It is located 4kms away from this tomb. Jantar Mantar: This was constructed by Sawai Jai Singh II between 1699 to 1743. This look like gallery of modern art on the...

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Khusro Bagh

Khusro Bagh

in Allahabad, History, Jahangir, Mughal, Tomb | 0 comments

Khusro Bagh is large walled garden in Allahabad, India. This is surrounded by the tombs Khusrau Mirza – eldest son of emperor Jahangir, Khurau’s sister and Shah Begum- Khurau’s mother.   What to see in Khusro Bagh: In the Khusro Bagh 3 sandstone mausoleums are located. These are best examples for Mughal architecture. Sultan Begum Tomb: Aqa Reza designed three tier tomb of Sultan Begum, surrounding garden and main entrance of Khusro Bagh. Sultan Begum is the first wife of Jahangir. She committed suicide due to distress by the discord between Jahangir and her son Khusrau. Her tomb was designed in 1606. Nithar Tomb: After the Sultan Begum’s tomb, Khusrau’s sister Nithar tomb is situated. This tomb is most elaborated tomb. It lies on the elevated platform and is adorned with Panels depicting the scalloped arch motif. Rooms are painted with stars in concentric circles. Floral decorations depicting Persian Cypresses, plants and flowers can be seen on the walls of the central room. Khusrau Tomb: Tomb of Khusrau can be seen here. In 1606, he was kept in Jail by his father Jahangir after he rebelled against Jahangir. Jahangir made him blind and later in 1922 he was killed.   What to see around Khusro Bagh: Allahabad Fort: Major attractions of this fort are Ashoka Pillar, Mariam –UZ- Zamani Palace, Zenana, Patalpuri Temple, Immortal Banyan tree, Railway Track.    It is located 7kms away from Khusro Bagh. Anand Bhavan: It is situated 5kms away from the Khusro Bagh. In this mansion, Jawarharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi were born. In the 19th century this was built by Motilal Nehru. Allahabad Museum: It is located 3kms away from Khusro Bagh. Major attractions of this museum are terracotta artefacts, natural history exhibits and archaeological findings. It also consists of belongings of Jawaharlal Nehru. Triveni Sangum: It is located 12kms away from Khusro Bagh. Once in every 6 years Ardh Kumbh held at this place. Once in 12 years Kumbh Mela held here. Most memorable thing is sun rise and sunset of this place. This is the place where confluence of Saraswati, Yamuna and Ganga takes place. Bharadwaj Ashram: It is located 4kms away from Khusro Bagh. This is dedicated to Sage Bharadwaj....

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Delhi Jama Masjid

Delhi Jama Masjid

in Delhi, History, Masjid, Mughal, Shah Jahan | 0 comments

Jama Masjid of Delhi is the principle mosque of Old Delhi in India. Official name of this masjid is Masjid-i-Jahan-Numa. It is the largest mosque in India. This was commissioned by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. It has taken 6 years to complete this construction. Construction of this mosque started in 1650 ended in 1656. 6000 workers worked hard to construct this mosque. In those days construction cost of this masjid is 10 lakhs. Now it is equal to 1 million.   What to see in Jama Masjid:  This is the hard work result of thousands of workers. On both sides of this masjid visitors can see beautiful minarets. White marble and Red Sand stone are used in the construction of these minarets. Height of these minarets is 40meters. At one time nearly 25000 people can pray at this place.  Courtyard is accessible from the east central. Western chamber stands on 260 pillars. All these Pillars are carved with Jain and Hindu traditions.  Courtyard of this mosque is in rectangle shape. Floor plan of this masjid is looks like Fatehpur Sikri Jama Masjid. But Jama Masjid of Delhi is bigger than Jama Masjid of Fatehpur Sikri. White and black marbles are used for the flooring of this masjid.   Three projected galleries can be seen on the minarets of this mosque. Eastern side of the mosque is the rural entrance. Courtyard of the mosque can be reached from south, north and east by 3 flights of steps. Red Sandstone is used to build these steps. Masjid has 3 gateways, two minarets and 4 towers. Main entrance is towards east which faces to Red Fort. Under the dome of the mosque a hall is located. It has 7 arched entrances facing towards Mecca. Terrorism incidents also happen at this place in 2006.   What to see around Jama Masjid: Red Fort: On the Independence Day Prime Minister of India addresses the nation from this fort. In the history this place is having prominent place i.e.  At the end of first war of independence Bhadur Shah Zafar was arrested at this place.  This place is 2Kms away from Masjid. Jantar Mantar: This was constructed by Sawai Jai Singh II between 1699 to...

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