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Barabar Caves

Barabar Caves

in Bihar, Caves, East India, History, Jehanabad, Nature, Rock Formations | 0 comments

Barabar Caves are oldest Rock cut Caves in India situated in Jehanabad district of Bihar.  These caves belong to Mauryan Period of 3rd century BC. These are located on twin hills of Nagarjuni and Barabar. On the Nagarjun hills 3 caves are located and on Barabar Hills 4 caves are located. What to see in Barabar Caves: Barabar Caves are most attractive. Plenty of sculptures are located inside the caves. These sculptures belong to both Jains and Hindus. It is believed that these sculptures are carving between 273 BC to 232 BC. Ajivika sect monks used these caves.   Vishwa Zopri, karan Chaupar, Sudama, Lomas Rishi are four caves belongs to Barabar Caves. Of all the four caves Lomas Rishi caves are most attractive caves. These are made up of Granite. It looks like Wooden Huts. These are used to live by Buddhist monks. Stupas are placed in Lomas Rishi Caves. When visitors are going towards this caves row of elephants can be seen which are most attractive.   Innner walls of Karan Chaupar Caves are polished with inscriptions. These inscriptions date back to 245BC.  Karan Chaupar Caves are single room caves. Sudama Caves has circular Chambers along with mandapas. These caves have arches look like a bow. Vishwa Zopri Caves are in rectangle shape. These are having two rooms. Of all the 4 caves, Sudama and Lomas are the oldest caves and these are best example for rock cut architecture in the country.   What to see around Barabar Caves: Ruins of Nalanda University: These ruins are located in the Nalanda town. It is the oldest Buddhist University. It is located 64kms away from these caves. Nalanda Archaeological Museum: Four main galleries are included in this museum. Main hall consists of Nagaraj Sculptures, Parshvanath sculpture, Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara, Bhumisparsh postures etc…This was established in 1971. It is located 64kms away from these caves. BodhGaya: it is the place where Buddha obtained enlightment. It is located 44 Kms away from the caves. Kundalpur: It is located 60kms away from the caves.  This place is famous for Lotus Lake and Jain temple. Sonbhandar Caves: These caves are also known as Swarna Bhandar which means Store of Gold. It is believed that...

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